Solid Waste Management
Waste is defined as non-liquid material that no longer has any value to the person who is responsible for it. Words like rubbish, garbage, trash, or refuse are often used as synonyms when talking about solid waste. Waste has always been a perennial problem and its management remains a big predicament, since the amount of solid waste increases as populations rise and economies develop.
Waste Management System Includes the following elements:
- Waste generation and storage.
- Segregation, reuse, and recycling at the household level.
- Primary waste collection and transportation.
- Street sweeping and cleansing of places.
- Management of the waste storage area.
- Secondary collection and transport to the waste disposal site.
- Waste disposal.
- Collection, transport, and treatment of recyclables at all points on the solid waste pathway (collection, storage, transport, and disposal)
Types of Solid Wastes can be broadly categorized as:
Bio-Medical Waste: Biomedical waste (BMW) is "any waste produced during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human or animal research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps". The best BMW management methods aim at avoiding generation of waste or recovering as much of waste as possible, rather than disposing (Source: Biomedical waste management Rule 2016)
Municipal Solid Waste Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is a heterogeneous waste consisting mainly of paper, glass, metal and other substances produced by residential, commercial, Institutional and industrial activity. The quantity of MSW generated depends on a number of factors such as food habits, standard of living, degree of commercial activities and seasons
Hazardous Waste Hazardous waste” means any waste which by reason of characteristics such as physical, chemical, biological, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or corrosive, causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or in contact with other wastes or substances
Radioactive waste Radioactive Waste” corresponds to the waste generated by products that are contaminated by radio-nuclides including radioactive diagnostic material or radio-therapeutic materials
E- Waste E- waste-means electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment and repair processes
Plastic Waste "Plastic” means material which contains as an essential ingredient a high polymer such as polyethylene terephthalate, high density polyethylene, Vinyl, low density polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene resins, multi-materials like acrylonitrilebutadiene styrene, poly-phenylene oxide, polycarbonate, Poly-butylene terephthalate. “Plastic waste” means any plastic discarded after their intended use is over.
Construction & Demolition Waste "Construction and demolition waste" is the waste comprising of building materials, debris and rubble resulting from construction, re-modelling, repair and demolition of any civil structure.
Specific rules have been defined for management of each type of waste and are to be followed strictly with an objective to protect the environment and comply to the statutory frameworks. Noncompliance to any of these if applicable can lead to huge penalties.
Would You Like to know more on how Aplinka can help you meet your Solid Waste Management needs?
With extensive expertise and strong team of well qualified and experienced technologists, Aplinka is at the forefront for providing end to end solutions for Solid Waste Management including comprehensive waste management audits, gap analysis and follow-up action plans to bridge the gaps along with following best practices in a proactive manner.
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